It is known that pregnancy is a dangerous situation for many women, but did you know what diseases can be transmitted from the mother to the fetus?? This is the way to avoid them.
What disease is dangerous during pregnancy?
The Spanish Society of Pediatrics has an article dedicated to vertically transmitted diseases, namely, diseases or infections transmitted from mother to child before or during childbirth; they are also often called congenital infections.
Other examples include human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, which can be transmitted from mother to child during childbirth or breastfeeding; syphilis, which can cause birth defects if not treated during pregnancy; and rubella, which can cause severe damage to the fetus if the mother is infected in early pregnancy.
In addition, other diseases, such as gestational diabetes, can affect the fetus during pregnancy if not properly controlled.
On the other hand, Zika, toxoplasmosis, and Chagas disease, as well as hepatitis B and C, can also be transmitted in this way, so it is important to implement preventive measures by the doctor.
It is important to get the corresponding blood tests to prevent diseases such as hepatitis B and C, in addition to rejecting the existence of HIV.
In addition, it is important that tropical areas avoid water stagnation and have measures such as mosquito nets or repellents so that there is no transmission of Zika or Chagas disease.
What are the diseases of the mother?
On the other hand, there are also conditions that affect the mother while she is in this state; for example, the United States National Institute of Health points out:
- Iron deficiency anemia
- Gestational diabetes
- Depression and anxiety
- Fetal problems
- High blood pressure
- Forced abortion
- Placental abruption
- Premature part
To avoid any of this, it is important that the pregnant woman always attends her medical appointment and does not miss any warning signs.
How do you know if the baby is healthy in the womb?
During pregnancy, regular medical checkups include physical exams, blood tests, ultrasounds, and other tests to check the health of the mother and the fetus. These tests help monitor the baby’s growth and development, identify any potential problems, and ensure that the pregnancy progresses healthily.
In addition, the mother must pay attention to the movements of the child in the womb, because the regular activity of the fetus is an important sign of well-being.
Any concerns or changes in the child’s health should be discussed immediately with a health care professional.
A balanced diet, adequate intake of nutrients, and avoiding harmful habits such as tobacco and alcohol are important to maintain the health of the child in the womb and prevent diseases transmitted from mother to fetus.