Saturday, December 10, 2022

What are the side-effects of the COVID-19 vaccine in young children?

(Nation World News) — Kovid-19 vaccines for children under 5 will be available this week. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have approved the safety and efficacy of the vaccines. However, like any vaccine, children may experience some side effects.

Safety data from Moderna and Pfizer, reviewed by the FDA and CDC, found that potential side effects were mostly mild and short-lived.

For parents and caregivers planning to vaccinate their children, there are a few things to keep in mind, say pediatricians, often the same effects adults or older children can experience after vaccination. .

Side effects of covid-19 vaccine in children

“Overall, I think the most common side effects of any vaccine are still the most common side effects we see in almost any child who receives a vaccine,” said principal investigator of the site for Clinical Trials Dr. Grant Paulsen said. Pfizer and Moderna Covid-19 vaccines for children 6 months to 11 years of age at Cincinnati Children’s.

The most common side effects include pain and sometimes swelling or redness at the injection site.

“Those are all what I would classify as very common side effects that most parents who have taken their kids to the doctor for their various hepatitis and tetanus shots and all that sort of stuff were probably pretty cool. Paulsen said.

With regard to systemic or generalized symptoms, the most common was fatigue or drowsiness. Some children had irritability, loss of appetite, headache, abdominal pain or discomfort, enlarged lymph nodes, mild diarrhea or vomiting. But they all recovered quickly.

“It’s similar to the side effect we’ve seen in older kids or adults. About 24 hours a day, some kids, you know, don’t feel well, they feel tired, they don’t have the same appetite. But good luck “There have been no serious side effects from these vaccines,” Dr. Ashish Jha, the White House Covid-19 response coordinator on CBS, said on Monday. And then, after giving these vaccines to millions of children, it’s really reassuring. Be aware that these vaccines are extremely safe for young children.

Paulsen said side effects were mild to moderate and much less common in this younger age group than in older people.

“My big picture for parents is really [que] The side effects shouldn’t be dangerous,” Paulsen said.

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chance of vaccine fever

Children with the Moderna vaccine were slightly more likely to develop a fever; This happened to about a quarter of the trial participants, compared to less than 10% who got the Pfizer vaccine. Most fevers were mild. Less than 1% of all trial participants had a fever reaching 40°C.

“It was weird, but I feel like if we’re not being honest with the parents when these things come up, it’s going to be concerning,” Paulson said.

Since fevers were not common, Paulson does not recommend pretending a child by giving them fever-reducing medication before the COVID-19 vaccine.

If the child has a fever, he said, parents can give him ibuprofen or acetaminophen.

“Most likely, most children will do fine with minimal problems,” he said.

The vaccines did not produce any cases of myocarditis.

Scientists conducting tests in younger children also looked closely to see if a child had myocarditis, an inflammation of the heart muscle, as there were some cases in older children and adults. In most cases, the symptoms disappear quickly.

But tests in young children did not find a problem with myocarditis.

Chief Control Officer Dr. Claudia Hoyan said, “Of course, we have all the mechanisms in place once we start vaccinating kids next week. ” Pediatric Infections at UH Rainbow Infants and Children’s Hospital in Cleveland. “But we don’t expect to see it. We really didn’t even see it in 5 to 11-year-olds.”

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Vaccines are “an extra layer of protection”

Because children are less prone to severe COVID-19 than adults, some parents may wonder whether they should bother vaccinating their little ones. However, Covid-19 has been “quite common” in children, Jha said. He said that about 70% of children have been infected at some point, but they can get it again, and even if it’s mild at first, it doesn’t mean it will be the next.

“It’s still worth getting vaccinated, it really provides an extra level of protection, an extra layer of protection. What vaccines do keep kids out of the hospital, and that’s why they’re so young.” are effective and everyone is entitled to that protection,” Jha said..

Dr. Suchitra Rao says that it is important to note that COVID-19 is now one of the vaccine-preventable diseases with the highest mortality rate.

“If we look at this age group, we will see that since January 2020, covid has killed more than 200 children aged 6 months to 5 years. And if we want to compare it with something like influenza, then Those numbers are actually higher than that. We’re seeing annually with influenza in all children under the age of 18,” said Rao, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at Children’s Hospital in Colorado.

“We’re getting routine vaccinations against measles and pneumococcal disease and meningitis. It’s something that’s really causing more deaths,” he said. “Safety in this younger age group is much, much better and better than in other groups.”

Rao said some parents have asked whether they should worry about long-term side effects. She assures them that if there were any, they would be present in the clinical trials.

“FDA and then [Comité Asesor sobre Prácticas de Inmunización de los CDC]And all these government groups that make those recommendations, really do an excellent job of evaluating safety and efficacy and reviewing all the manufacturing data on these vaccines, and it’s a very rigorous and comprehensive review,” Rao Said. “I think the fact that the agency took a little longer to license these vaccines in these young children is really telling, because they had to be absolutely certain because it’s a very vulnerable group.”

Questions from parents welcome

Nina Alferi, a pediatrician at the Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital in Chicago, has seen a lot of interest in COVID-19 vaccines for young children, knowing that parents will want to know about the safety of vaccines. Comments.

This year, Lurie surveyed 5,000 parents in Chicago to find out where they stand on the COVID-19 vaccine. Side effects were among his main concerns.

“It makes sense. You want to make sure that what you’re doing for your kids is safe,” Alfieri said.

Alfieri said she hopes caregivers will be sure to ask their pediatrician questions to ease any concerns.

“I really love when families come up to me and tell me they’re a little uncertain, because it gives us a chance to sit face-to-face in a safe environment and talk about our concerns,” she said. Told.

“There’s going to be a lot of conversations over the next few months, and I think all of us pediatricians are ready for that, and we’re welcoming these kinds of conversations, because overall, it’s a really exciting time for us.” Because finally, this vulnerable and very young age group that has been left out of one of the best safeguards will now be eligible to be protected.”

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