A will is a document in which a person expresses their final wishes regarding the fate of their material possessions in the event of their death.
Assets can be land, houses, cars, and other assets. Meanwhile, the household trousseau refers to the personal belongings of the person who died.
For example, clothes, household furniture and other items that have a high sentimental value for family members and therefore, there may be conflicts between them in their distribution, because they are often which are excluded from wills.
But it can be solved and regulated by legal resources and from the hand of the heritage expert. The valuation of the assets that make up the trousseau of the home is done by an expert appraiser, who will later make a fair distribution of the assets for all parties.
Items that are not part of the household trousseau are jewelry, artwork, jewelry, and antiques.
Types of wills you can process
The Ministry of the Interior (Segob) established that there are two classifications for documents that express the last will of people regarding their material possessions:
- Special wills. Here are included the maritime, private, military, the fact abroad and the list of agrarian or inheritance.
- Ordinary wills. Here you can see the open public, the closed public, the holograph and the simplified.
What are special wills?
This type of document is subject to certain changes in the way the procedure is done due to the context of the person dictating it.
- Maritime will. This is done by people aboard ships of the National Navy. It was written in front of the captain and two other witnesses.
- Closed will. This document is created when the testator has a serious illness and cannot go to a notary public.
- Made abroad. This applies if the person who wants to make the document is outside the national territory and it is made before foreign authorities; The laws of the country where it is dictated must be respected.
- Military will. This is done by members of the army when entering a war or a martial conflict. The testator can make the document in front of witnesses or send it closed, signed by hand.
- Agrarian or list of heirs. It is applied to ejidatarios and community members who designate a list of people who will occupy or work their lands when they die.
What is ordinary will?
The will is made before a notary public with all the formalities indicated by Mexican law.
- Open will to the public. This is the most common type of document. This is done by a notary and the copies shown to the testator are given.
- Closed public will. The document is closed and signed by the testator, the witnesses and the notary. It will be open until the death of the one who declared his last will.
- Holographic will. It is a true ‘do it yourself’ as the testator writes it, dates it and signs it. For its validity it must be placed in the notary file.
- Simplified will. It is acquired with a property when the owner establishes who will inherit the property.