What is depression and how does it manifest?

Depression, anxiety or stress can be a source of tiredness, fatigue, pain or weakness.  Photo: Pexels.

Although it is easily linked to a particular age group, the depression It is a disease that can appear at any time of life. It is usually caused by psychological, genetic, biological and even environmental factors and directly interferes with people’s daily lives.

Depression is not tied to age, gender or genetics, although all these factors directly influence its appearance. It is important to know it in time so that it does not affect daily life, because the severity, frequency and duration of the symptoms vary depending on the person and their particular disease.

According to data published by the World Health Organization (WHO), adolescence is an important stage that needs attention. “Depression, anxiety and behavioral disorders are among the leading causes of illness and disability in adolescents.”

Depression is seen more often in people with panic attacks and diabetes. In addition, people’s socioeconomic level, use of alcohol and other substances, and stress are common risk factors for mental disorders.

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Instead, it is psychological state divided into two groups: major depression that if feelings of sadness and anger interfere with daily life for two weeks or more, and persistent depressive disorder which is a depressed mood that lasts for approximately two years where you see ups and downs in symptoms.

Other common forms of depression include postpartum depression (occurs in women after giving birth), premenstrual dysphoric disorder (depressive symptoms that appear before menstruation), seasonal affective disorder (usually occurs in fall and winter and disappears in warm weather ). , major depression with psychotic features (depression out of touch with reality) and bipolar disorder (formerly called manic depression)

In that sense, the Pan American Health Organization has published a list of issues that people suffering from depression should consider:

  • Depression is a disease characterized by persistent sadness and loss of interest in activities that you normally enjoy, as well as the inability to perform daily activities, for at least two weeks.
  • People with depression often have some of the following symptoms: loss of energy; changes in appetite; need to sleep more or less than normal; anxiety; reduced concentration; doubt; anxiety; feelings of worthlessness, guilt or hopelessness; and thoughts of self-harm or suicide.
  • Depression is not a sign of weakness. It can be treated with therapy or psychological intervention, with antidepressant medication or with a combination of both methods.
  • People exposed to violence often experience a variety of reactions including: anxiety, stress, frustration, fear, irritation, anger, difficulty concentrating, loss of appetite, and nightmares.
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When to contact a doctor for depression?

The specialist health site Medline Plus explains that people should go to the doctor immediately if they suffer from one or more of these symptoms:

  • Listen to voices that don’t exist.
  • Your depression has affected your work, school, or family life for more than 2 weeks.
  • Always cry for no reason.
  • Showing three or more symptoms of depression.
  • You believe that one of the medications you are currently taking may be causing depression. However, do not change or stop medications without talking to your provider.
  • You think you need to cut down on your alcohol intake
  • A family member or friend asked you to do this
  • You feel guilty about the amount of alcohol you drink
  • Alcohol is the first thing you drink in the morning
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