Saturday, December 10, 2022

What is encephalitis, the first cause of death from monkeypox in Spain

cases of monkey pox Spain continues to rise: 4,577. Outside our borders, a total of 10,594 monkeypox positives have been found in Europe, with Germany (2,677), the United Kingdom (2,469) and France (1,955) being the countries with the most number of infected patients.

The health ministry has asked autonomous communities to quickly vaccinate against monkeypox, of which Spain will receive 7,000 more during this week.

Our country has recorded two deaths from monkeypox, The first death was confirmed last Friday, caused by a man living in the Valencian community. encephalitis,

Second, another man, in Cordoba, due to meningoencephalitis, a mixed picture of meningitis and encephalitis. Whether monkeypox is behind this disease or not is being studied.

encephalitis There is inflammation of the structures that make up the brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, and brainstem) and can affect other tissues near the brain, such as the meninges.

According to data from the Spanish Society of Neurology (SEN) About 1,200 new cases of encephalitis are diagnosed in Spain each year,

is the index of Mortality rate between 5 and 20% of cases, and leaves sequelae in more than 20% of patients who relapse. These data indicate that this pathology needs more attention, despite the fact that, as indicated by experts, it is a underdiagnosed disease,

Vaccination center for monkeypox in Paris Christophe Petit Tesson

What are the symptoms of encephalitis?

The most common symptoms of encephalitis are:

  • fever.

  • Severe headache.

  • Disorientation, drowsiness

  • language disorder.

  • behavior change.

  • Convulsive crisis.

These are very specific manifestations of the disease and are one of the reasons that, according to neurologists, makes diagnosis very difficult.

Furthermore, since a high number of cases are benign and disappear after a short period of time, only the most severe cases are diagnosed.

And, as Dr. marta guilanSecretary of the Sen Critical and Intensivist Neurology Study Group:

Because of its potential transmission potential, fatalities and the significant consequences it causes, it represents a serious health problem.

Another difficulty that comes with this disease is the large number of ingredients that can cause encephalitis.

really, Agent is identified only in 50% of cases Which causes it, and the most common are all viruses. Especially herpes, enterovirus and arbovirus.

To date, the herpes simplex virus, Epstein-Barr, HIV, and the measles, mumps, polio, or rubella virus (in unvaccinated people) are the most common causes of encephalitis in our country, and are also the viruses that cause the highest number of cases. are made. The probability of death in the world.

More than 100 viruses have been identified that are capable of infecting the nervous system.

Herpes simplex virus, Epstein-Barr, HIV and measles, mumps, polio or rubella virus are the most common causes of encephalitis in our country. Pixabay

Prevention, key in encephalitis

One of the most important issues a doctor pays attention to when talking about prevention in this type of disease.

Any acute inflammation of the central nervous system, such as encephalitis, should be considered a medical emergency, as a delay in its diagnosis can lead to high rates of neurological complications.

And it is that when encephalitis is diagnosed at the first signs of infection, the percentage of patients who develop favorably increases significantly.

The groups most likely to suffer from encephalitis include children under one year of age, the elderly, as well as people with pathologies related to the immune system.

With regard to prevention and keeping in mind that the most common cause of this disease is infection, there are some measures that can be useful to prevent the entry of infectious agents into our body.

  • We should avoid eating water and food in bad condition

  • Beware of insect bites, you have to protect yourself from them.

  • Be careful with animal bites.

  • When we travel we must inform ourselves of the required vaccines at the destination.

  • Respect the vaccination schedule for the little ones.

  • And if we live with pets, we should vaccinate them too.

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