On July 21, officials in the US state of New York reported the country’s first case of polio, or polio, in nearly a decade. It was an illiterate adult from Rockland County who was paralyzed.
According to experts, the patient had a variant of the virus obtained from a purported vaccine. Scholars believe it may have come from someone who had been vaccinated with live vaccines, which are available in other countries but not in the US, and spread it rapidly.
Weeks later, Big Apple health officials confirmed that the virus that causes polio had been detected in the sewer system of the big city, shortly after it was detected in samples from suburban Orange and Rockland counties.
Despite the fact that most Americans are vaccinated against polio, the federal government urges everyone who hasn’t been vaccinated against the virus to visit their nearest health center.
What is polio?
According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of USA, for its abbreviation in English), polio or polio is a disabling and life-threatening disease caused by the poliovirus or poliovirus. The virus spreads from person to person and can infect the spinal cord, causing paralysis in certain parts of the human body.
It is known that this virus has been present since ancient times. Some scholars report that the oldest case was found in an ancient Egyptian painting, which depicted a man with dry feet who could not support the weight of his body without the help of a cane.
“Most of the muscle fibers have been replaced by fibrous tissue that is permanent,” the CDC details about the said background.
Scientists say that if a person had polio in childhood or adolescence and, despite this, retained or regained partial or complete mobility in a weakened arm or leg, it is likely that they may become debilitated in old age. Will go, scientists say.
What are the symptoms?
According to the CDC, if a person is infected with the polio virus, they may not show any symptoms. This occurs in about 72 people out of 100; However, one in four — or 25 out of 100 — may have flu-like symptoms.
Some of the most recurrent symptoms of poliomyelitis are:
- Throat pain
- Abdominal pain
These symptoms can last for two to five days and then go away.
According to the same agency, a small proportion of people may have more severe symptoms that directly affect the brain or spinal cord. According to statistics, they represent one out of every 100 people and even, one to five out of every 1,000:
- Paresthesia: Tingling sensation in the legs.
- Meningitis: Infection of the lining of the spinal cord or brain.
- Paralysis: Unable to move body parts.
How is it broadcast?
The polio virus is highly contagious and spreads through person-to-person contact as it lives in the throat and intestines of an infected person. According to experts, the virus enters the body through the mouth and spreads through various routes:
- Coming in contact with the feces of an infected person.
- Droplets from an infected person sneezing or coughing.
In addition, the CDC noted that a person can become infected if:
- Have small pieces of stool from an infected person on your hands and touch your mouth.
- Putting objects in your mouth, such as toys, that have been contaminated with the feces of an infected person.
Which is the treatment?
There are two types of vaccines to protect against polio:
- The poliovirus vaccine (IPV) is given by injection into the leg or arm, depending on the age of the patient.
- Oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV), which is still used in many parts of the world.
Consult a specialist doctor in this branch of medicine for specific advice.