ciudadThe concrete jungle in which we feel suffocated every day amidst hundreds of vehicles, huge buildings, strong air pollution and high level of noise makes us appreciate the value even more nature,
loss Green Space in Cities They are essential for its residents to enjoy good health and to be authentic lungs in the middle of the urban desert.
For this reason, Cecile Koenijndijk, a Dutch urban forester and director of the Institute for Nature-Based Solutions at the University of British Columbia (Canada), launched Rule 3-30-300 To help establish minimum requirements that green areas in cities must meet to make them a healthy place.
It focuses on the essential role of rule urban tree In this well-being of the population And responds to the need to incorporate green into our environment. Expert suggests all citizens should be able to watch at least from their home three trees be of considerable size 30% coverage of trees in your neighborhood live less than 300 meters from the park of a green space.
and that, according to Greenpeace, quality and accessible urban forests offer a range of important Benefits for our physical and mental health, some of them are:
Better mental health. Contact with green spaces is associated with a lower risk of psychological distress, depression or anxiety and may improve our behavioral development by reducing emotional difficulties and social interactions.
Better brain development and better cognitive health. Frequent exposure to green spaces may reduce the risk of emotional and behavioral problems and improve cognitive development, including improved attention and working memory.
– Reduced risk of non-communicable diseases. Contact with green areas is associated with a lower risk of heart disease, diabetes, obesity and lower back pain.
– Reduced risk of premature death. Less exposure to air pollution, more physical exercise, more social life and less risk of depression reduce the risk of premature death.
Better pregnancy. Contact with green spaces reduces the risk of both premature birth and infant mortality.
– Better overall health. Exposure to nature is associated with better perceptions of general health as well as subjective well-being, that is, being more satisfied with life or being happy.
More comfortable temperature. Green areas improve microclimatic conditions, as they are able to lower the temperature of their surroundings by several degrees, as well as providing valuable shade to protect us from solar radiation, especially on the hottest days.
– More flood control. The urbanization of cities has turned them into impermeable cement surfaces that can neither absorb nor retain water, with the resulting danger of flooding.
Enforcement of this 3-30-300 rule would make it possible to improve and expand green areas in cities and thus promote the health and well-being of its residents, to the benefit of all.