The name “white line disease” is misleading because it is a disease that not only affects the white line, but also involves other parts of the hoof horn.
It starts with a crack, a white line irregularity or a nail hole in most cases. The white line is very soft and therefore a perfect place to start the transition Caused by fungus that makes an immediate appearance in the infection.
Veterinarian Bruno Rutter explained that the separation of the white line An abscess may form between the junction of the wall with the sole. and migrates proximally reaching the coronary band. (Reading: What to do when you see that a cow has problems with locomotion?,
Risk factors include mechanical damage from irregular or abrasive surfaces, as well as episodes of subclinical laminitis. The disease can cause lameness, severe pain, abscesses and hoof deformities in affected animals.,
Clinical signs include elevation of the hooves, increased hoof temperature, pulsation of the arteries, and changes in the shape and position of the hooves. In severe cases, the hooves may split or rot, requiring immediate veterinary intervention.
According to the Red Ecuestre portal, “The cause of white line disease it is not well definedSince it occurs in different climates and under very different environmental conditions, it can occur in very humid areas or in arid or semi-desert places».
It is only known that closed environments can lead to a union between fungi and bacteria, creating a very problematic infection for horses or cattle. may be other factors improper helmet cutout, overloaded work, poor hygiene, hull wall cracks one of two an inadequate diet,
Rutter noted that the local structure tends to be weak with separation between the sole and the wall, which may progress dorsally. There is exposure or penetration of the horn, as well as a risk of skin and infection. (Reading: Prevent non-infectious lesions affecting bovine hooves,
treatment consists of Dry the infected hoof wall and deep clean, apply antiseptics and bandages around the ulcer area to reduce pressure on the chorion. It may also be necessary to use a cue.
On the other hand, prevention is based on a Good hygiene, proper hoof trimming and a mineral-balanced diet, The facilities should provide welfare to the animal, with correct surfaces without abnormalities.