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What should be the diet of diabetic patients?

The most current trends in nutrition in diabetics are committed to reducing carbohydrate intake and implementing intermittent fasting protocols.

What Should Be The Diet Of Diabetic Patients?

Last Update: December 29, 2022

It is important to take care of diet in diabetic patients to achieve efficient disease management and reduce its progression as far as possible. In case of not being careful in this aspect, it is possible to experience its complication with the manifestation of other complex associated pathology.

It should be noted that, despite being a highly studied subject, In recent years, the concept of adequate nutrition for diabetics has changed a lot., Recent discoveries have completely changed the guidelines offered so far, thus yielding better results.

Low carbohydrate diet for improving diet in diabetics

A diet low in carbohydrates reduces the peaks of hyperglycemia.

According to research published in Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism, The fact of implementing a diet with low carbohydrate content facilitates the management of diabetes. In many cases it is possible to significantly reduce the need for medication. It should be noted that this study was conducted in subjects with type 2 diabetes, although there are others that extend the findings to type 1 as well.

Physiological explanations have to do with the power of low-carb diets when it comes to stimulating insulin sensitivity. It is one of the main causes of type 2 diabetes. On the other hand, the fact of reducing the intake of hydrates prevents spikes in glycemia, as these can be generated efficiently endogenously as the body needs them.

Intermittent fasting to improve nutrition in diabetics

Another strategy that has proven effective in improving diet in diabetics is intermittent fasting. It manages to induce a reduction in body weight from caloric restriction, to which must be added the action of metabolic adaptation. It should be noted that overweight is one of the causes of diabetes, and can also complicate the pathology.

Recovering normal values ​​of body composition is highly effective in avoiding uncontrolled glycemia, Furthermore, fasting itself also manages to increase the sensitivity of the body’s cells to insulin, thus improving glucose metabolism.

As in the previous case, there is much literature on the implementation of these protocols in the setting of type 2 diabetes. It is also possible to implement it in patients with type 1, although its implementation should be gradual and very closely monitored. An error in this aspect may favor the appearance of hypoglycemia.

The Importance of Avoiding Simple Sugars and Trans Fats

In addition to the above strategies, in terms of diet for diabetics, it is important to avoid the consumption of simple sugars and trans fats. These elements have a significant effect on blood sugar levels. They also manage to increase inflammation in the body, which triggers pancreatic dysfunction.

in the same wayIt is important to ban alcohol and drugs, There is disagreement regarding additives. Some experts say that consuming artificial sweeteners can have a negative impact on the management of diabetes. Therefore, caution against these products is advised.

Avoiding alcohol consumption is a good habit for people with diabetes.

Improving nutrition is important in diabetics

As you have seen, food has a decisive effect on the management of diabetes. Diet in this group of patients may determine its progression. It is important to try to recover a good state of body composition to avoid major complications.

We should not forget that diabetes is considered a risk factor for the development of other complex disorders such as some types of cancer or cardiovascular problems. Type 1 is conditioned by a genetic failure. However, type 2 is linked to lifestyle habits. Prevention is essential, but so is proper dietary management once the diagnosis is made.

There are also drugs that can prevent complications, although they will not do their job well if other lifestyle habits are not controlled. Avoiding simple sugars, trans fats and alcohol is considered essential. As well as promoting a good night’s rest, the practice of physical activity on a regular basis.

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