In an interview with “Martha Debayle in W”, Dr. Álvaro Cabrera, Hematologist trained in bone marrow transplantation; Specialist in the treatment and monitoring of cancer and hematological diseases during pregnancy, (Web: unhematologoparami.com // T. 5536743947 // IG: @canceryembarazo) It tells us everything we need to know about how the circulatory system works.
● According to survey According to the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2022, the prevalence of arterial hypertension in adults was 47.8%. Of these, 65.5% did not know their diagnosis.
● In Mexico, it is estimated that nearly half of adults, 46%, have high “bad” cholesterol levels; and every year, Heart attacks and strokes affect 30 million people worldwide; of these, one in 20 dies and one in three suffers a cardiovascular event after the first.
● The OMS suggests that 70% of the world’s population suffers from arteriosclerosis or hardening of the arteries.
● In America, according to World Thrombosis Day, a person dies every 37 seconds from a blood clot in the leg or lung.
● In Mexico, around 220,000 people died from cardiovascular disease in 2021, including 177,000 from a heart attack.
● By numbers of the According to the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), 1,086,094 deaths were registered in 2020, the most common cause being cardiovascular diseases. followed by complications due to COVID-19 and diabetes mellitus.
● According to the ABC Medical Center, More than half of people over 60 suffer from leg vein disease The most common are telangiectasia (spider legs) and varicose veins. In the general population, varicose veins occur in 1 to 3 in 10 people.
● Data of World Health Organization They suggest that they die in the country 289 people per day due to cardiovascular disease and it is calculated that in By 2030, around 23.3 million people will die from these diseases.
● According to CIGNA Healthcare, a healthy heart with normal cardiac output pumps about 5 to 6 liters of blood per minute at rest.
● The UNAM Science Department states that red blood cells, which are responsible for transporting oxygen, travel through the arteries at an astonishing speed. They only need 20 seconds to completely circle the human body.
● The UNAM Science Department, It also ensures that if all of a person’s blood vessels ran in a straight line, They would reach a length of around 100,000 kilometers. That’s enough to circle the earth two and a half times!
What is circulation?
● Circulation is the process by which the heart pumps a person’s blood throughout the body. And good blood circulation is crucial for health.
What are circulatory problems?
● They are also known as vascular diseases and are disorders that affect the vascular system. They are common and can be serious. Some types include:
● Aneurysm: Expansion or bulging of the wall of an artery.
● Atherosclerosis: A disease in which plaque builds up in the arteries. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium and other substances found in the blood.
● Blood clots: Including deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.
Coronary heart disease and carotid artery diseases:
● Raynaud’s disease: A condition that causes blood vessels to constrict when exposed to cold or stress.
● Stroke: A serious condition that occurs when blood flow to your brain stops.
● Varicose veins: swollen and twisted veins under the skin.
● Vasculitis: Inflammation of the blood vessels.
What is the cause of circulatory problems?
The causes of circulatory disorders depend on the respective disease. These causes include:
-High cholesterol and high blood pressure.
-Medicines, including hormones.
Who is at risk of circulatory problems?
The risk factors for vascular disease can vary depending on the disease. But some more common ones are:
● Age: The risk of developing certain diseases increases with age.
● Conditions that can affect the heart and blood vessels, such as diabetes or high cholesterol.
● Family history of vascular or cardiac disease.
● Infections or injuries that damage the veins.
● Lack of exercise.
● Sitting or standing for long periods of time.
How are circulatory problems diagnosed?
To make a diagnosis, you should see a doctor to perform a physical examination and inquire about your symptoms and medical history. Imaging or blood tests may also be requested.
How are vascular diseases treated?
Treatment depends on the vascular disease and its severity. Types of treatment for vascular disease include:
● Lifestyle changes: For example, eating a heart-healthy diet and getting more exercise.
● Medications: For example, blood pressure medications, blood thinners, cholesterol medications, and medications to dissolve blood clots. Sometimes medical professionals inject medication directly into a blood vessel through a catheter.
● Non-surgical procedures: Such as angioplasty, stent placement and vein ablation.
Can vascular diseases be prevented?
There are things you can do to prevent vascular disease:
● Adopt a healthy lifestyle e.g. B. by eating healthy and exercising.
● Don’t smoke.
● Keep blood pressure and cholesterol under control.
● If diabetes is diagnosed, monitor blood sugar.
● Try not to sit or stand for long periods of time.