According to the World Health Organization (WHO), diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not secrete enough insulin or when the body does not use insulin effectively.
It’s important to note that there are several types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy), but according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), About 90 to 95% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes, which occurs when the body doesn’t make or use insulin properly.
In fact, type 2 diabetes can appear at any age, even in childhood. However, this type of diabetes often occurs in middle-aged and elderly people.
In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin because the immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that make it.
Type 1 diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can appear at any age and people with type 1 diabetes have to use insulin daily to survive.
That said, the portal PodriaTenerPrediabates.org reported that “People with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk of health problemssuch as heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and amputation (operative removal) of a lower limb (a toe, foot, or leg).
Therefore, the symptoms to pay attention to are:
- Increased thirst and urination.
- Blurred vision
- Unexpected weight loss.
- Increased appetite.
- Slow-healing wounds and frequent infections.
- Red, swollen and sensitive gums.
- Tingling or numbness in hands or feet.
Thus, to know if a person is diabetic, they must have certain symptoms and their glucose levels must be high; To find out, it is recommended to measure blood sugar when you wake up in the morning and before breakfast, and If the fasting glucose level is between 70 and 100 mg/dl and less than 140 mg/dl two hours after each meal, it is considered normal.According to Spain’s Sanitas Group.
They also indicated that when insulin metabolism does not function properly, tissue cells stop properly assimilating glucose and it accumulates in the blood. Alarm bells should sound when fasting blood glucose levels are between 100 and 125 mg/dl and between 140 and 199 mg/dl after meals.
On their part, there are habits that help control the disease or prevent it, for example:
- Eat a healthy diet without sugar or saturated fat, and be aware that some foods that increase insulin in the blood are: Chocolate, candy, jam, honey, ice cream, soft drinks, alcohol, sweet cookies, fast food, refined wheat flour, sugary cereals, among others.
- drinking water. Helps remove liquid waste. Although daily water intake varies for men and women because of differences in intake, in general most men need about 13 cups of fluid per day and most women need about nine. it occurs.
- doing physical activity New WHO guidelines recommend at least 150 to 300 minutes of moderate- or vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity per week for all adults, including those with a chronic condition or disability, and daily for children and adolescents. 60 minutes on average.
In any case, the information given above does not replace medical advice in any way and therefore the first thing to do is to consult a health expert so that he can guide the process and indicate what needs to be done for each individual. what is most suitable.