The World Health Organization (WHO) has warned that the world is facing an outbreak of “hepatitis of unknown origin” affecting children, and has highlighted “Thousands of acute viral infections” About the disease occurring annually in children, adolescents and adults.
In this sense, the organization has stated that it is working “side by side” with scientists and political leaders of the affected countries. Try to understand the cause of this infection Which does not match with any of the five known types of hepatitis A, B, C, D and E.
“To be most effective, hepatitis surveillance must be delivered at the community level An effective and integrated primary health care system along with other health services that address the full range of health needs,” said WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
Although most acute hepatitis causes mild symptoms and even undetected, In some cases they can cause complications and can be fatal. For example, complications from acute hepatitis A and E infections resulted in approximately 78,000 deaths worldwide in 2019, and in parallel, global initiatives to combat the disease have prioritized the eradication of hepatitis B infections, C and D.
Unlike acute viral hepatitis, these last three varieties Causes chronic hepatitis lasting several decades And it causes more than a million deaths annually from cirrhosis and liver cancer. In addition, they are responsible for more than 95 percent of hepatitis deaths.
“Every 30 seconds a person dies of hepatitis-related causes, such as Liver failure, cirrhosis and cancer“, said Tedros, who recalled that nearly 80 percent of people living with the disease do not have access to medical care or can’t pay for their treatment. To eliminate hepatitis by 2030, the United Nations’ Health The agency has told the countries that reduce new infections of hepatitis B and C by 90 percent, Reduce cirrhosis and liver cancer deaths by 65 percent, diagnose at least 90 percent of hepatitis B and C cases, and treat at least 80 percent of those who qualify.
“Low coverage of tests and treatments is the most important gap that needs to be resolved Achieve global elimination target by 2030“, the WHO has said, urging governments to increase the use of “effective” tools against the disease.