Varicose veins, or varicose veins These are the names given to the appearance of bulging veins, usually in the legs.
These are easy to spot, as the ducts become so large that they look like blue or purple curved bumps on the skin.
For many people, varicose veins are merely an aesthetic problem, but they can also cause significant discomfort such as pain in the legs or a feeling of constant fatigue, as explained in the article. manual msd,
Although this is rare, the Mayo Clinic warns that sometimes patients may experience other complications such as the presence of blood clots or thrombi, painful skin ulcers, or bleeding when one of these veins ruptures.
Why do varicose veins appear?
Damage to veins is the main reason behind varicose veins. These tubes are made up of one-way valves, which are responsible for directing the flow of blood toward the heart. When these become damaged or weakened, reflux occurs, meaning blood starts flowing back through the vein, instead of going in the right direction.
“The superficial veins of the legs dilate because they lose their elasticity over time, as blood from the lower extremities has to return to the heart against the force of gravity,” explains Dr. Ricardo Olguín, a vascular surgeon at the INDISA Clinic.
They are more common in older people and women, but other factors can also increase the chance of developing them.
The Mayo Clinic listed spending many hours standing, sitting, obesity, family history and pregnancy as risk factors for varicose veins.
Once they develop, they can be treated with surgery or therapy, but even after they are removed, new ones may form.
How can I avoid them?
To prevent varicose veins from appearing, the Mayo Clinic, a specialized health site, suggests improving blood flow and muscle tone. In particular they recommend:
- Control your weight.
- Avoid high heels and very tight socks.
- Elevate your legs while sitting or lying down.
- Change your position regularly while lying or sitting.
- Exercise regularly.
- Eat a diet rich in fiber and low in salt.
this article It is designed to inform and is not intended to provide medical advice or solutions.,
If you have any questions about your health or before starting treatment, always consult your doctor or specialist.