Everything that happens in Vatican City is strictly regulated and the death of a Pope is no exception.
From the moment a pontiff dies, Everything should be according to Vatican rules. Although Benedict XVI was Pope Emeritus when he died, practically the same rituals would be followed with one exception: there is no council, as there is already an active Pope, Francisco. Nor was it necessary to destroy the Fisherman’s Ring, a symbol of papal power, as it is worn by his successor.
In the first centuries, to find out whether a pope had died, the doctor brought a lit candle to his lips. If the flame moves, it means that it still has the breath of life.
The first images show the body of Benedict XVI in a red chasuble, with a rosary in his hands, the ring he wore as Pope Emeritus, and the miter on his head.
Instead, he does not wear the pallium, a white wool stole with a black cross, a symbol of jurisdiction. His predecessor, John Paul II, wore it at his funeral chapel in 2005.
Vatican rules state that the people will have the right to depose a deceased saint, For which the body is duly prepared.
In general, potatoes are subjected to the coating process. During this phase, It is strictly forbidden to photograph the dead Pope. The camerlengo, a cardinal of the Church who presides over the Apostolic Chamber, which administers the pontifical treasury, certifies the death of a pope and calls a conclave to choose his successor, once he is already pontifical. Dressed in Habits (white cassock, amis, les surplice, manipple, stole, chasuble and miter).
John Paul II: Pius XII, John XXIII, Paul VI, and John Paul I: Most recent popes, including the last four before Pius XII, John XXIII, Paul VI, and John Paul I, have been abdicated. In some cases, the body is treated with formaldehyde before it is shown to the public and this does not happen until it is lacquered.
However, not all techniques work the same. In 1978, the body of Paul VI “got a green color”with a strong smell that forced the staff to install fans During the days it was shown to the public. The body of Pius XII turned black and then disintegrated in the coffin.
After being shown publicly, the pope’s body is placed in a cypress casket lined with crimson velvet and placed in another four-millimetre-thick lead casket, in turn embedded in another varnished elm wood. Is.
In addition, some parts of the body are carefully preserved for “future worship”. Once the funeral is over, the Pope is buried in the Vatican Grotto. Benedict’s wish had been arranged for John Paul II since his body was exposed on the surface of the shrine in May 2011.