Cardiometabolic diseases are those that involve both cardiovascular malformations and metabolic disorders, especially diabetes mellitus. It is therefore demanded that people learn about cardiometabolic prevention in order to detect and diagnose these diseases with the cooperation of multidisciplinary teams and to demand patient control.
The World Health Organization states that heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide with 17.9 million deaths per year.
Dr. Miguel Martinez y Martinez, clinical cardiologist at ABC Medical Center, points out that cardiometabolic disease focuses on the ultimate prevention of diseases such as ischemic heart disease (myocardial infarction), the development of arrhythmias such as atrial fibrillation and heart failure. .
Cardiometabolic prevention seeks to improve quality of life for people through intervention with risk factors, there are two types of factors: non-modifiable and modifiable.
“In Mexico, the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) recorded 141,800 deaths from cardiovascular problems between January and August 2020, making it the main cause of death.”
The heading of non-modifiable factors includes conditions that you cannot reverse or eliminate, but you can control the condition so that you can prevent the appearance of heart disease as far as possible:
-gender, Men may develop coronary heart disease at a younger age than women, who may survive through menopause.
-genetics, Some diseases can occur more easily if a first degree relative has developed them.
-Ages. As the years go by, heart risk increases, for men at age 45 and women at age 55.
Modifiable factors are situations that you can change in your daily life and benefit from:
-high blood pressure High blood pressure is one that remains above 140/90 mmHg, which causes damage to the inner walls of the arteries, which accelerates the appearance of atheromatous plaques.
Obesity or being overweight. This happens when the calories consumed are more than the calories expended, which is why they eventually get stored as fat, creating a much higher risk of heart diseases.
– smoking Smoking or secondhand smoke can damage the inner walls of arteries and facilitate the deposition of cholesterol, it also affects coagulation.
-sedentary lifestyle. Exercising regularly will lower your blood pressure, increase levels of good cholesterol, and prevent diabetes and overweight. Because of this, maintaining a sedentary life will increase cardiometabolic risk in people.
-Dyslipidemia. Cholesterol is essential for the proper functioning of the body, but exceeding acceptable values is harmful to health, due to eating a diet rich in saturated fat.
-diabetes. A person living with diabetes is at a higher risk of having increased blood sugar and accelerated atherosclerosis which will damage the blood vessels.
Stress or anxiety. High levels of stress or anxiety increase the risk of developing certain heart diseases; While it is impossible to completely eliminate the stress of daily life, when it becomes intolerable, an imbalance is created that can increase the risks.
-Liquor. Excessive consumption can increase triglyceride levels and blood pressure.
ABC Medical Center has the latest technology in cardiovascular imaging and cardiologists who are specialized in each of the four imaging modalities including echocardiography, nuclear cardiology, cardiac tomography and cardiovascular magnetic resonance.
Cardiovascular imaging studies today constitute a set of essential diagnostic aids in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, in establishing an appropriate diagnosis, in planning medical treatment and in evaluating the response to treatment of cardiovascular diseases.
Cardiometabolic prevention seeks not only to intervene in the described factors associated with the development of cardiovascular diseases, but also to develop strategies for the detection and timely management of each of these conditions, in order to improve life expectancies in our population. Could Dr. Martinez, as well as to avoid the great economic costs resulting from chronic care for these diseases. You’ll be able to monitor all of your cardiac health care at ABC Medical Center’s Cardiovascular Center.