Chile is preparing to take the final step towards changing its country’s constitution, which has been in force since the time of Augusto Pinochet.
However, this “progress”, which seems “positive” at first, may hide the approval of a text that has little to do with “democracy”.
Are we facing an unprecedented Magna Carta in this area? Can it be classified as “communist”?
First, it is necessary to define what we mean by “communism”. For many writers, this goes far beyond simply being a totalitarian politico-economic regime without basic liberties or private property. Without going further, Karl Marx himself defined communism as a “ghost”.
In this sense, the book “How the Specter of Communism Rule Our World” by the New York media Epoch Times refutes how this “spector” not only worked through class struggle, but also through culture, education and so on. interfered in the West. Political-social movements are called: globalization, indigenousism, statisticism, environmentalism, feminism, abortionism and – basically – all “isms” that have emerged in recent times.
The thesis is that the ultimate goal of this “ghost” is always the same: to destroy the traditional family, to disappear the values and pillars of society, and to end the traditional culture of the nations.
So, does Chile’s new constitution have any of these “communist” components?
Let’s look at how Magna Carta begins, because -somehow- the first fragments mark the impression of the text.
“It recognizes human dignity, freedom, fundamental equality and their indissoluble relationship with nature as intrinsic and indivisible values” (Art. 1, sub. 2).
He talks about freedom, but then mentions “substantial equality”. The term comes from communist regimes of the 20th century, which used the term “substantial equality” to counter the idea of equality before the law. This is the equality of the results. But beyond that, this “real equality” is contrary to the idea of individual liberty. Because if the outcomes are to be equal, individuals cannot be free.
Let’s move on to the peculiar classification of nation-states. With the new text, Chile is no longer a nation composed of “diverse nations” (Article 5).
“The legal systems of indigenous peoples and nations (…) are coordinated on an equal footing with the national justice system” (Article 309, sub. 1).
In other words, indigenous “laws” are recognized in the hierarchy of the national justice system. But what are these indigenous “legal systems”? Who are these “judges”? Can, for example, a non-Indigenous person be prosecuted by an Indigenous court? In turn, can an indigenous court let an indigenous person go without punishment who has committed a serious crime?
“In the case of indigenous peoples, the courts and their authorities must adopt an intercultural perspective (…) taking into account the customs (…) and regulatory systems of indigenous peoples …” (Article 322, Inc. . Two).
In other words, the Chilean legal system cannot judge a criminal belonging to an indigenous tribe under Chilean law, but must do so according to the “customs” of that indigenous people. Doesn’t this undermine the legal system of the Chilean nation-state?
Now, let’s look at some of the most talked about gender issues.
One of the most controversial articles is number 6, which establishes in sub-paragraph 2, that the suitability of applicants, to occupy positions in the state, does not matter, but rather that the composition should be assigned to 50% of males and 50% of males. has been divided. % women. And this applies not only to the public part, but also to the private part (Art. 6, Inc. 3).
But it is not the only article that allows state intervention in the private sector. For example, in Art 48 it is established that unions “have the right to participate in the decisions of the company”.
Returning to the question of identity, Art 64, Inc. 1 raises the dangerous possibility of ‘self-actualization’ in any possible way: “Everyone has the right to free development and full recognition of his identity in all his dimensions and manifestations”.
For example, is an adult allowed to identify himself as a child? As crazy as this sounds, text-wise, the answer is “yes.”
The new constitution also has the “ecological” imprint (“Nature has the rights” -art. 127-) and “animalistic” (“animals are under special protection” – art. 131-), but talking about the time You’re embryo, you can basically do anything with it.
Although in art. 21, Inc. 1 clarifies that “everyone has the right to life”, does not explain what a person is and when it came to be recognized as such. It appears only in art. 50, Inc. 1 where it says that every person “has the right to be looked after, taken care of and taken care of from birth to death”.
That is to say that there is no person before birth; Therefore, you have no right. So, can the unborn baby be aspirated, dismembered or burned with a saline solution without punishment?
If there was any doubt about this item, then in Art. 61, Inc. 2 establishes that “voluntary interruption of pregnancy” is a constitutional right.
The abolition of the traditional family is visible in many places. For example, in art. 10 The concept is completely empty of content, as it indicates that families have “diverse forms, expressions and ways of life” and are not limited to “particularly emotional or marital relationships”. So can anything be a family?
The state also goes indoors to “implement mechanisms for the redistribution of domestic work” (Article 49, sub. 2).
The progress of the state is also reflected in education, for example, it is established that the state may compel an educational institution to provide its services free of charge (Article 37, Inc. 6). Obviously, this will put private universities and colleges out of business. What is the goal that all education is state?
We end with a few ‘pearls’ of the electoral system because if one thought the issue of ‘gender equality’ was already somewhat radical, Art 161, Inc. 1 goes a step further and establishes that “the voting lists are always headed by a woman.”
But is there no place for participatory democracy? Yes, the popular vote can be sought on any subject except what has to do with paying less taxes to the state, as Art 185, Inc. 6 makes it clear that “referendums and referendums on tax matters shall not proceed.”
As we have seen, a good portion of the definitions of the new constitution clearly have a communist impression, which is basically understood as an attempt to destroy the pillars of traditional society and the nation-state.
Will the Chileans, who have been historically conservative people, accept the text that governs the lives of them and their descendants? The elections will be spoken on September 4 and we will find out.