A new paper suggests that closing economic inequalities in the Midwestern United States could weaken anti-democratic sentiment.
Population refers to political activities related to our-them-and-their-thinking. Wars are often fought on social, national, or collective lines.
“As societies deteriorate, residents worry about themselves and their children’s futures, the younger generation leaves, there is a great deal of frustration, anxiety, loss of status and sickness that is changing the world,” says John Austin, author of the report. Thoughts and worries catch up. “
The American Midwest was once a thriving economy in the steel, oil, aviation, and automotive industries. But globalization and technological change have closed many factories, leaving struggling communities with low-wage collaborative jobs. Some studies show that economic grievances, often stemming from income and living standards, are the result of population growth in the United States.
“Left-wing populists, like the right-wing populist, capture the resentment and anxiety of a changing world. But left-wing populists offer policy solutions. According to Austin, this is the solution.
“Right-wing populists present a cultural war. Do not trust the government, refugees or anyone else at your expense (opportunities and benefits). They are the cause of concern for your community.” Right-wing populists also promote anti-democratic behavior: “Do not trust the press, you cannot trust the government;
Samuel Abrams, a professor of political and social sciences at Sarah Lawrence College in Bronxville, New York, sees the difference between right and left.
Abram, a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, said: “If you look at the speeches on the left, my feeling is not about protecting institutions, but about dismantling institutions, not saving them and I would like to see that there is no decision on the proposal. What will replace these institutions remains.”
The report confirms that some Middle Eastern communities are recovering from the exploitation of their natural resources.
“Their approach to economic development is ‘based on our identity and we need to develop our own new future,'” Austin said. “It’s not about chasing factories, it’s not about taxing people going to the city, it’s about looking around and investing and using whatever property you have and building from within.”
That could mean developing local universities and research institutes, making the city center more accessible and livable, and investing in schools, the arts and entertainment.
“Those investments in quality of life and play have a stronger impact than we can say. Says Austin.
The problem, according to Abram, is that voters are not rational about their needs, often embracing left or right-leaning ideas rather than practical concerns.
“So, yes, you can completely change these heart-warming communities. I think it’s very powerful to do that, and I think that goes a long way,” says Abrams. But we still have to agree with this polarization of ideology. … Now that you have seen a lot of populist movement talk with immigration, defense, and a lot of hate speech… you can make people rich. Or more comfortable, but that doesn’t change that. “
In the run-up to the 2020 presidential election between Donald Trump and former Vice President Joe Biden, some middle-income cities and booming counties have shifted from Trump’s popularity and Biden’s center-left to Democrats.
However, in Abram’s view, economic stimulus is only possible.
“I think there will be some change if we can increase economic stability and help people feel less vulnerable to economic change,” Abram said. “But there are many examples of Trump supporters and populists on the left and right who have nothing to do with money and ideology.”