Wednesday, September 28, 2022

Women with long-lasting COVID-19 have more symptoms than men, study finds

A new study has found that women who have been suffering from COVID for a long time usually experience more symptoms than their male counterparts.

The report, published in the latest edition of the monthly peer-reviewed Journal of Women’s Health, found that women were “significantly more likely” than men to exhibit difficulty swallowing, fatigue and chest pain at long-term follow-up. .

Previous studies have shown that women are at a lower risk of developing serious illness than men in the acute phase of COVID-19, however, the researchers note that few studies have assessed gender-gap in relation to longer COVID-19. has done.

Susan Kornstein, editor-in-chief of the Journal of Women’s Health, said in a press release, “While women have a lower mortality rate than men during the acute phase of COVID, this study suggests that women may have longer periods of COVID-19.” syndrome is more likely to be experienced.” Thursday.

Also known as post-acute COVID-19 syndrome, or PACS for short, long-term COVID-19 occurs when symptoms such as extreme fatigue, shortness of breath, cardiac problems, or cognitive impairment occur more than 12 weeks after the initial recovery period. remain for a longer period of time.

While the long-term understanding of COVID remains limited, the syndrome can be debilitating and is thought to affect between 10 percent to a third of those infected.

The exact cause of long-term COVID is currently unknown, but possible underlying causes that researchers are studying include damage from the original infection, prolonged reservoirs of the virus in the body, residual inflammation, and an autoimmune response.

Researchers from the University of Parma and the University of Parma in Italy looked at 223 patients – 89 women and 134 men – who were infected with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, between May 2020 and March 2021.

The study found that 91 percent of patients, who were followed for an average of five months, continued to experience COVID-19 symptoms, with shortness of breath and fatigue being the most common.

According to the findings, women were 97 percent more symptomatic than men.

The researchers said that compared to men, women were more likely to report shortness of breath, weakness, chest pain, heart palpitations and sleep disturbances, but not muscle pain and cough.

According to the study, sleep disturbances are also more frequent in women, while weight loss is reported more often by men.

“Sex was found to be an important determinant of prolonged COVID syndrome as a significant predictor of persistent symptoms in women, such as shortness of breath, fatigue, chest pain and palpitations,” the study authors wrote.

Researchers say the findings suggest a need for long-term follow-up of COVID patients “from a sex standpoint” to implement initial preventive and personalized therapeutic strategies.

“These studies will be important for understanding the natural trajectory of long-term COVID-19 in order to implement targeted treatment strategies and prevent bias in treating men and women,” the study authors wrote.

Nation World News Desk
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