Saturday, January 28, 2023

Word of the Year: How war, the climate crisis and mental health affect language

Using various criteria for assessing their relevance and voting methods, dictionaries of different languages ​​chose words that marked the pulse of reality over the past year: “Goblin Mode”, “Permacrisis”, “Ukrainian “, “inflation” or “gaslighting”.

Illustrator: Pablo Blasberg.

With various criteria for assessing forms of voting to determine its relevance and its use and pre-eminence, Dictionaries of different languages ​​select words that mark the pulse of reality during the past year and they make it clear to what extent the spirit of the times is defined in the use of words “Goblin Mode”, “Permacrisis”, “Ukrainian”, “Inflation” or “Gaslighting”.

Oxford Dictionaries chose the expression “Goblin Mode” (Goblin Mode) as the word of the year. What is it about? in spanish it would be something like “Modo Grin”And the dictionary describes it as “a type of behavior that is unapologetically, self-indulgent, lazy, reckless, or greedy, typically in a way that defies social norms or expectations.”

In a vote among English speakers, this word was the winner over the others, as it was more popular. “metaverso” or other widely used expression like “#IStandWith”Which is used in common parlance and especially on social networks to support a cause.

“Goblin Mode” It originated on Twitter in 2009, although the expression went viral on the social network in February 2022 when Covid restrictions began to ease and people, although they could slowly return to normal, did not want to. It became more popular. In the first exit from the restrictions, many rejected the idea of ​​returning to “normal life”, rebelling against the beauty standards and lifestyles prescribed by social networks. i.e. they went into “Goblin Mode”.

and how fitted “Goblin Mode”, During the year, editors at the University of Oxford studied the use and future of several potential candidates. After this monitoring, he selected and proposed a series of expressions.

This year, for the first time, the election system was different and voting was opened to the public. word got second place “metaverso”Which came to be widely used, although the first recorded use of the term was in the Oxford English Dictionary and was recorded in the science fiction novel “Snow Crash” by Neal Stephenson from 1992. “#IStandWith” In third place and refers to “be with” a cause, to show solidarity with a specific group or individual.

“permacrisis” Refers to a prolonged period of instability and insecurity and was chosen as the word of the year by Collins Dictionaries. According to the dictionary’s publishing firm, the concept perfectly embodies the dizzy sensation experienced in recent months of moving from one unprecedented event to another, while questioning what new horrors the future may bring.

“2020 has certainly seen its fair share of turmoil, and we’re only two years into it! In that time we’ve had to deal with a pandemic and, in the aftermath, a brutal new war in Europe and Britain.” The crisis is perceived by the Central Bank as a “material risk to financial stability”. We’ve even had three prime ministers so far,” explained David Shariatmadari, author of “Don’t Believe a Word: From Myths to Misconceptions: How Language Really Works” on the official blog of the publishing company that publishes the dictionary. The social and political climate determined the word chosen.

Russian invasion of Ukraine It also influenced this year’s Collins Dictionary word list. The Ukrainian city of Kyiv has multiplied on the pages of newspapers around the world as well as expanding the concept “law”The strategic use of legal and judicial processes and institutions to undermine political rivals.

Las historic high temperature Recorded use of the word increased in the European summer “Splitting”Lying on the belly with its legs is a typical behavior of animals to cool down.

Instead, the American dictionary Merriam-Webster considers the period of the year “Gaslighting” In the word of the year, after a 1,740% increase in searches over the past 12 months. The dictionary defines the term gaslighting as “the act or practice of deceiving someone, especially for one’s own gain”.

“Gaslighting” talks about a time when there was no truly global phenomenon that led to an increase in searches and made it the word of the year. There is also nuance to the use of “gaslighting”: unlike manipulation, it is softer, more indirect, more argumentative, and (apparently) friendly.

The term is inspired by a 1944 film, “Gaslight”, in which a husband manipulates his wife into thinking he is insane, while telling her he is imagining the gaslights in their house going off. is (when they are not doing so).

Regardless of its origin, the usage given to “gaslighting” is not limited to love relationships. Mental state manipulation can occur among friends and family, in a relationship with a doctor who downplays an illness with technical arguments, or even in political discourse.

The Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) has until December 29 to decide which word is chosen in 2022. Meanwhile, it announced a list of twelve finalists, which include “Ukrainian”, “inflation”, “artificial intelligence” and “ecocide”.

The criteria used by the RAE’s Fundación del Español Urgente to select candidates are based on how they are used in the media and, in addition, their linguistic interest.

There are twelve candidates for word of the year “apocalypse”, “cryptocurrency”, “diversity”, “ecocide”, “gas pipeline”, “gigafactory”, “flu”, “inflation”, “artificial intelligence”, “sex-doping”, “collision” and “Ukrainian “”.

As in the Anglo-Saxon world, warfare has been a great engine of language. The economic and social consequences of the Ukrainian war, scientific-technical research and environmental concerns are areas that inspired the candidate’s words.

When announcing the finalists, the RAE stated the reason for each selection. of voice “cryptocurrency” Recall that “the cryptographic element has expanded its meaning and, in addition to ‘hidden, secret’, it is applied to words that relate to digital transactions secured by cryptography”.

From “sex dope” accounts that it is “an acronym, a word formed from the union of others (in this case, sex and doping). The word may have replaced Anglicisms.” “chemsex”which is usually used to refer to sexual activity between several people under the influence of stimulants”.

From “Ecocide” accounts that “it is formed by a combination of two compositional elements: eco-, meaning ‘vital environment’ or ‘ecological’, and -cido (‘action of killing’, as in killing or killing)”.

“Ukrainian”The Ukrainian surname, prompted some discussion: “Although the Ukrainian name is also valid, the Ukrainian form is established and recommended in academic works.”

Although there is still no clue which one will be chosen by the most important dictionary in the Spanish language in 2022, there is a recurring question: The RAE usually selects words with socio-cultural usage and anchors, which account for a period.

Thus, the previous words of the year were “Escrache” (2013), “Selfie” (2014), “Refugees” (2015), “Populism” (2016), “Aporophobia” (2017), “Microplastic” (2018), “Emojis” (2019), ” Imprisonment” (2020) and “Vaccine” (2021). A delayed and painful exit from the pandemic, the war in Ukraine, the climate crisis or hyperinflation that knows no bounds will surely be the impetus to choose a winner.

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Desk
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