Monday, June 5, 2023

World food imports to grow by 5% in value in 2013

There are clear trends where Peru’s agricultural exports are almost perfectly connected, they seek to serve the world markets better and better.

( In 2022, world food imports will be US$ 1,877 billion, showing an increase of 7% compared to the US$ 1,754 billion registered in 2021, which was again 14.6% higher than the US$ 1,530 billion registered in 2020.

This was stated by the director of the Center for Research in the Global Economy and the Business Association of Exporters (CIEN-ADEX), Edgar Vásquez Vela, who this year sold world food imports will be more expensive by 5% (reach. US $1.970 billion).

It shows that according to the FAO, the main types of food imported globally in 2022 are: fruits and vegetables with US$ 349,000 million (participation with 19% of the total); crops and machinery with US$ 266,000 million (content 14%); food and machinery with US$ 199,000 million (11% of the total); fish, crustaceans, molluscs and machinery with US$ 194,000 million (10% of the total); animal and vegetable oil, fats and waxes with US$ 15,000 million (8% of the total).

Beverages with US$ 146,000 million (representing 8% of the total); oilseeds and fruits with US$ 143,000 million (8% of the total); coffee, tea, cocoa, spices and preparations with US$ 133,000 million (7% of the total); miscellaneous with US$ 12000 million (6% of the total); dairy and sheep with US$ 118,000 million (6% of the total); sugar, honey and equipment US$ 58,000 million (3% of the total).

The increased demand for food coincides with the strength of Peruvian agricultural exports, such as fruits and vegetables; and in other areas it shows us the growth potential that the Peruvian food sector still has, which is quite broad,” he said.

He added that world food imports this year and will continue to grow, such serious opportunities will appear in the global food market, that our country should know how to take advantage of.

Global consumption trends
Edgar Vásquez pointed out that the world is increasingly lamenting food, but there are certain particularities that are healthy, foods whose production process involves the least artificial, chemical, etc.

In this sense, he said only in the organic market of the whole world, this year it is estimated to reach US$ 294,540 million. In addition, if we take the plantation foods in the sole account, these add to US$ 160 billion, which is about 7.7% of the global protein market by 2030. In naturally tasty foods (because they also seek food processing in their own. trade already represents US$ 18,800 million.

Regarding the development that is expected in the next years due to product sales, he said that this year it will reach 572.4 million tons and by 2024 it will be 597.1 million tons. As for vegetable sales, it is expected to reach 741.1 million tons in 2023 and add 764.6 million tons next year.

For his part, he highlighted that in the sales of fruit and vegetable juice, this is close to US$ 110.0 billion this year and US$ 113.5 billion in 2024.

“There are some clear trends where the Peruvian export supply is precisely almost perfectly connected, seeking to serve these markets better and better,” he said.

In organic products, he said that most of the areas dedicated to organic production are in Europe with 17.8 million hectares certified (European Union countries have 15.6 million hectares certified), Asia with 6.5 million ha certified and Africa with 2.7 million ha certified. .

In Latin America, it indicated that it is somewhat behind 1.5 million ha, so there is still a long way to go to supply organic products to this important demand that is developing on a global scale.

He explained that in Latin America, Peru is one of the leaders in organic production along with Brazil and Mexico. Our country already has more than 500,000 certified organic hectares (a third of the certified organic hectares in America) and has more than 11,000 organic producers.

“For Peru it is important, in a public-private effort, that the 2030 Plan to promote organic or ecological agricultural production is now being implemented, which is precisely aligned with these consumption trends,” he commented.

The participation of Peruvian food in the main destination markets
At another time, the director of CIEN-ADEX analyzed the participation of Peruvian food in the main destination markets. When it comes to the European Union, it means that in 2022 food and beverages will import US$ 242,620 million.

It shows that the main food items imported from the European Union in 2022 were: meat and manure for US$ 44,540 million; edible fruits and nuts US$ 32.280 million; fish and shellfish for US$ 30,890 million; edible vegetables for US$ 25.770 million; fats and oils at US$ 23,220 million; among others

The main food suppliers to the European Union in 2022 were Indonesia, which shared 9.1% of the total; The United States, which accounted for 7.7% of the total; Malaysia, which represented 7.2% of the total; Switzerland, 6.7% of the total, and Turkey, 6% of the total. Peru ranked 13th for products in the said market, participating with 2.6% of the total. “There are many opportunities to grow in this destination in Peru.”

For its part, the United States of America $ 209.550 million in 2022. Food and beverages US $ 209. fish and shellfish for US$ 25, 190 million; edible fruits and nuts US$ 24.120 million; edible vegetables for US$ 14,740 million; fats and oils for US$ 14,450 million, among others.

Mexico, Canada, Chile, Indonesia and Australia are the main countries that supply food to the North American giant, sharing 29.8%, 15.1%, 6.3%, 3.2% and 2.6%, respectively. Peru would put 15 in the supplement, 1.1% of the total contract. “You can see great potential for growth that we still have in a market as large and urban as the United States.”

While China will import food and beverages for US$ 138,800 million in 2022. The main food imports were: feed and manure for US$28,860 million; crops for US$ 21,310 million; edible fruits and nuts US$ 16,850 million; fish and shellfish for US$ 15.920 million; fats and oils US$ 14,040 million, among others.

The main suppliers of food to the Asian giant in 2022 were the United States, which shared with 11.5% of the total; Brazil, which accounted for 9.2% of the total; Thailand shared with 8.4% of the total, New Zealand with 7.4% of the total, and Indonesia with 6.6% of the total. Peru ranks 28th in China’s food supply, with 0.7% of the total. “The big challenge we have with our trading partner China is to diversify our exports with added value and in particular our food where we have great potential.”

Vásquez Vela shows that Peru still has great opportunities in key markets, despite the fact that we are already leaders in many products in global markets.

In this sense, he explained that our country is the main exporter of blueberries, fresh grapes, quinoa and fresh asparagus; seconds in the lolligo process, fresh avocados, Amazonian nuts, canned asparagus, canned artichokes; thirds in shell fan, whole capsicum, ginger, canned palm hearts, frozen mango, tangerine. “In other products we are fourth, fifth and every time we progress further in the leader rankings on a global scale with a fairly diversified and interesting film of products and with such highly varied destination markets.”

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Desk
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