The lack of rain in the region of Argentina for three years has not let up. Serious productive and economic losses.
As a result of three consecutive years of the reign of La Niña, a climatic phenomenon that causes a lack of rainfall and that has worsened over a large part of Argentina in recent months, 55% of the country is suffering from drought to varying degrees,
The situation is dire for agricultural production and, consequently, for the national economy as well. The central region, the most important in terms of volume of agro-industrial production, is in a state of drought throughout the provinces of Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Entre Ríos and Santa Fe.
There, after a large portion of the winter crops were lost, mainly wheat and legumes, the earliest corn that could be planted failed in a high percentage, the soybeans that were planted are trying to survive and a Significant acreage still awaits, along with late corn and soybeans, if any saving rains allow. The landscape of a completely dry water course, animals thin due to lack of grass and hundreds dying of thirst in some areas, outline a desolate landscape. The consequences will be visible in the short and medium term: lower harvests, less supply of meat and milk, substantial reduction in foreign exchange earnings and revenue from agriculture, producers who will be left out of the game, among others.
As of January 5, 2023, according to the Drought Information System for Southern South America (SISA) 54.48% of the country is experiencing drought of varying intensity: 11.57% are suffering from extraordinary drought; 7.43% extreme drought; 14.39%, severe; 22.19%, medium; and 8.9% are abnormally dry,
If analyzed by provinces, 1.95% Buenos Aires It is going through an extraordinary drought; 10.26% are in extreme drought conditions; 18.14%, severe; 39.94%, moderate; and 16.43% are abnormally dry. Fortunately, 13.28% of the Buenos Aires area was protected from water scarcity.
in córdoba Only 2.03% of the area managed to escape drought; 0.46% suffer from extreme drought; 26.04%, severe; 54.24% is moderate and 17.24% is unusually dry.
For its part, the entire province of between rivers It is dry: 6.09% in extreme condition; 64.06% in severe drought; 29.28%, moderate; and 0.57% is unusually dry.
Whereas, Santa Fe It is also ravaged by drought from end to end. There, at 0.08%, it is extraordinary; in 9.03%, extreme; in 38.54%, severe; It is moderate in 44.97%, while 7.39% is abnormally dry.
“This drought has affected the main region in recent months,” said Karina Flores, a member of the Central Climate Monitoring Directorate of the National Meteorological Service (SMN). “Also, two years ago the flow of the Paraná River was something that had never been seen in the last 50 or 60 years. All this is closely related to the lack of rain, first in the center of Cuenca del Plata, and then it spread to the whole country as a result of La Niña,” explained Flores.
According to Rosario Stock Exchange (BCR), so far, in the core zone, The area that falls south of Santa Fe, north of Buenos Aires and southeast of Entre Ríos, 40% of the maize planted at the initial date has already been destroyed. This is about 80,000 hectares which would leave a loss of $1,500 per hectare in rented farms and $780 per hectare in own land., There, 12% of the late corn still has to be planted and because of the delay in operations, BCR estimates a 30% drop in production with losses of about $350 per hectare for rent farms. as well, Over 3 million hectares of prime soybeans in this region are in fair to poor condition leaving 200,000 hectares still uncultivated.
After the sowing period, the period in which it is possible to sow a crop to optimum growth, It is still to be implemented in 30% of corn area and 20% of soybean area In the central agriculture sector and all the growers are looking at the sky and praying for a millimeter that will at least reduce the damage a little.