WWF Living Planet Report 2022 showed that the state of biodiversity is poor worldwide, but much worse in Latin America and the Caribbean.
If the biennial balance of environmental organization at the planetary level shows that The world population of mammals, reptiles, birds, fish and amphibians declined by an average of 69% between 1970 and 2018, reaching 94% in our region.,
About 32 thousand population is being monitored to prepare the report.About 100 of them correspond to the Chileans, 5,230 species on the planet.
The measurement parameter is the Living Planet Index (LPI), which monitors the abundance in populations of mammals, birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians.
As explained by WWF, the relevance of registered trends is that it shows a snapshot of changes in ecosystems and alerts about their health status.
At the same time, he assured that IPV allows success measures to be followed if appropriate protection policies are implemented.
Thus, the figures released on Wednesday night take WWF to The conclusion is that governments, companies and people in general must take “transformative measures to reverse the destruction” of biodiversity,
Similarly, in the opinion of the WWF, the result underscores that the world is facing a double human-induced emergency: Climate crisis and loss of biodiversity, which threaten the well-being of humanity,
“Just as it is necessary to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, it is necessary to address the loss and degradation of biodiversity and ecosystems,” Luis Germain Naranjo, director of conservation for WWF Colombia, said in a statement.
“The report gives us the information we need to restore our broken relationship with the natural world and shows how urgent it is to integrate the principles of environmental and social justice at the heart of changes,” he emphasized.
He suggested, “Within the framework of the next UN COP15 Biodiversity Convention, a priority is to promote a global plan, such as the Paris Agreement that aims to address loss and improve the health of wild populations and ecosystems.”
#InformePlanetaVivo confirma acelerada tendencia de pérdida de biodiversidad en Latinoamérica 👇https://t.co/Zi1mdUMGKa pic.twitter.com/eveM3T46Ov
— WWF Chile (@WWFChile) October 12, 2022
for species, Largest global decline in freshwater population at 83%,
For example, one of the estimated populations of Amazon pink river dolphins suffered a 65% decline due to pressures imposed by selective fishing as well as rapid human population growth.
Half of the planet’s corals have been lost And this has a negative impact on the chain, as they are home to a quarter of all marine species and support a complex food chain that includes humans.
While the global abundance of 18 of the 31 species of ocean sharks and rays has decreased by 71% in the past fifty years.
“The main direct factors identified as responsible for the degradation of terrestrial, marine and freshwater systems are: Changes in land use, overexploitation of plants and animals, climate change, pollution and invasive alien species”Report finished.
Of course, the Living Planet Report 2022 also said that the double environmental crisis can be mitigated with “increased conservation and restoration efforts, production and consumption of food in a more sustainable manner, and rapid and deep decarbonization of all sectors of the world.” ” ,
“The 89 authors who participated in the drafting of the text asked policymakers to transform economies so that natural resources are reasonably priced,” WWF said.
“A transformative approach is urgently needed”Jordi Surkin, WWF’s conservation coordinator in Latin America, commented.
Latin America in the Living Planet Report 2022
Within all of its content, the Living Planet Report 2022 reviewed the situation in heroineThe largest tropical forest with the greatest biological and cultural diversity in the world, whose basin has been reduced by 17%.
Finally, it was noted that 26% of the Amazon is in a state of advanced disturbance Which means forest degradation, frequent fires and deforestation.
“It is a constant level of destruction with catastrophic repercussions locally and negative implications for the planet’s climate stability, as it stores between 150 thousand and 200 thousand million tons of carbon,” he encrypted.
On the other hand, it was reported that 27% of the Amazon corresponds to indigenous regions and has the lowest rates of deforestation,
“It is home to over 500 indigenous groups, including 66 groups in voluntary isolation and initial contact. Therefore, the need to make visible the leadership of Indigenous peoples and local communities is emphasized, as their conservation approaches place cultural practices and relationships of reciprocity between people and spaces at the center of care. In addition, it includes scientific and ecological knowledge that is transmitted from generation to generation relevant to the avoidance of natural disasters”, he concluded.
With regard to deforestation in tropical regions, it was indicated that this phenomenon generates carbon emissions and leads to hot and dry local climates, increasing the number of droughts and fires and depending on their magnitude, reduces rainfall and modifies its global pattern.
“It is detrimental to the climate, food security and livelihoods of millions of people globally,” he explained.
Overall, the Living Planet Report 2022 found Ten high priority areas for risk reduction, three of which are in Latin America: from the Amazon Basin, the Atlantic Forest (located in Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay) and the northern Andes to Panama and Costa Rica.
The rest of the list was completed by the Himalayas, Southeast Asia, the east coast of Australia, the dry forests of Madagascar, the Albertine Rift, the Eastern Arc Mountains in East Africa, and the Guinean forests of West Africa.