Saturday, March 25, 2023

X-ray terrorism in the world: it is decreasing in the West and increasing a lot in the Sahel

Deaths occurred as a result of terrorism 6,701 a year, is 9% less than in 2021. This is a drop of 38% from the maximum reached in 2015, when 10,881 deaths were registered. However, terrorist attacks have become more deadly, killing 26% more people per attack. This was revealed on Tuesday by the Global Terrorism Index (GTI), a report by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), which summarizes the trends in terrorism in the world.

And the reduction of the figures of death in that which is attributed The Taliban are not considered a terrorist group and to become the actor of the state. This list does not include acts of public repression and violence by state. Thus, if Afghanistan is omitted, deaths from terrorism would have increased by 4% in 2022.

The number of terrorist attacks decreased, for the first time since 2019; and 28% c*compared to the previous year; attacks standing at 3,955 compared to 5,463 in 2021. This drop is the result, among other things, of a lower intensity of fighting in the Middle East, especially in Iraq, and Afghanistan.

from terrorist groupsdespite reducing its terrorist activity by 16%; Mahomet public (and its partners) remains the deadliest globally for the eighth consecutive year with 1,045 deaths and 410 attacks. ISIS is going after the Somali jihadist group Al-Shabaabwith 784 deaths, 315 attacks; Islam and Muslim Support Group, a Mali-based military and terrorist organization with a Salafi-jihadist ideology, killed 279 people in 77 attacks; and finally there is a group of the Afghan Liberation Army of Balochistan (233 dead in 30 attacks).

Lower terrorism in the West

After terrorism hit the West hard years, in 2022 the number of attacks with . he continued downward trend that began in 2017″. But last year the number of funerals increased. A total of 40 terrorist attacks were recorded, which is 27% less than in 2021 (55). Global attacks were more deadly: there were 19 disasters in 2022 compared to 9 in 2021.

As for himself, there were two attacks in Europe which were attributed to Islamist terrorist groups. Among European countries, the UK recorded only four attacks and no deaths in 2022, in the first year of 2014 there were no deaths recorded. Germany, for its part, had fewer attacks after 2015.

“Terrorism” for ideological reasons remains the most frequent type of terrorism in the West, and religiously motivated terrorism decreased by 25% with its peak in 2016″, they point out in GTI with special mention of attacks committed by extreme right-wing groups.

Anomalous situation in Afghanistan

Afghanistan is the country most affected by terrorism; and continues to the fourth year. But, despite this position, the Asian country recorded 633 deaths from terrorism, its lowest figure since 2007. The report highlights attacks and deaths by 75% and 58%, respectively.

However, this information should be taken with a grain of salt because it does not contain the GTI Act to repress and violence against the state by state actorsas we have shown above. Therefore, attacks carried out by the Taliban are no longer included in the report, since they took over the government in August 2021.

Sahel, an increase of 2,000% in 15 years

Where the situation is dramatic in the Sahel. According to the Global Terrorism Index, the region had to a 2,000% increase in deaths by terrorism in the next 15 years (between 2007 and 2022). The mind is so tragic that this region of sub-Saharan Africa It seems to be the epicenter of terrorism. The area “will present more deaths from terrorism in 2022 than South Asia, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) combined,” warns the report, which has put particular emphasis on the Sahel.

Individual GTI factors in this growth are “complicated and systematic,” but they highlight cation; geopolitical tension, ecological insecurity, abuse by security forces and the rise of transnational Salafi ideology among others. However, they also show external accounts such as the withdrawal of French forces from some areas or how the Sahel can become a critical mission. the global geopolitical struggle between Russia and the West.

Areas of the country where terrorism has grown the most in recent years Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso. Burkina Faso and Mali alone recorded 73% of deaths in the Sahel and 52% of deaths in sub-Saharan Africa.

Burkina Faso was the most affected and in 2022 it was the country that registered the greatest increase in victims of terrorism. 1,135 people died compared to 759 in 2021, 50% more. But the situation in the neighboring countries of the Sahel is also troubling, as Benin and Togo.

Some relief in distressed areas

When in Middle East and North Africa “The intensity of the fighting” he decided. Hence in 2022 there was a 32% decrease in victims of terrorism. In Syria, for example, attacks fell by 34% and deaths by 10%, with the Islamic State his main threat.

In 50 worst attacks

It was the worst terrorist attack of 2012 Pakistanin the city of Balochistan, where they died 195 persons after a bomb attack by a group of the Balochistan Liberation Army. The second was carried out in Syria, in the city of Al-Hasaka, whose actor was the Islamic State, where 154 people died. these are the two worstand those who follow in Africa especially, in Mali and Burkina Faso. For Of the 50 worst terrorist attacks, 38 were carried out in sub-Saharan Africa and the rest (12) in Syria, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran.

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Desk
Nation World News is the fastest emerging news website covering all the latest news, world’s top stories, science news entertainment sports cricket’s latest discoveries, new technology gadgets, politics news, and more.
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